First, not every teaching unit in the faculty responded to the survey. Therefore, health encompasses multiple dimensions including physical, emotional, and social well-being and quality of life. While probability samples allow findings to be generalized to the study's target population, they are expensive and difficult to implement with LGBT populations given the research challenges listed above. While there is almost no data about the health disparities faced by transgender people of color, the combined impacts of racism and transphobia undoubtedly lead to worse health outcomes. For example, a review of 3. Moreover, given that LGBT people often do not want to disclose their sexual orientation or gender identity in health care settings for fear of discrimination and provider bias, they are less likely to seek timely treatment. There was no course dedicated exclusively to teaching LGBT health.
The minority stress model posits that sexual and gender minorities experience chronic stress as a result of their stigmatization.
The member committee included experts from the fields of mental health, biostatistics, clinical medicine, adolescent health and development, aging, parenting, behavioral sciences, HIV research, demography, racial and ethnic disparities, and health services research. Approach to the Literature While acknowledging that peer-reviewed journals are the gold standard for the reporting of research results and making every effort to consult works published in major research journals, the committee chose to include in this study what it judged to be the best empirical literature available: Differences within each of these groups related to, for example, race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, geographic location, and age also are addressed later in the chapter.
Sylvia Allegretto and Michelle Arthur suggest that gay men in partnered same-sex couples earn